Cats are one of the most popular pets for humans, and humans domesticated them nearly 9,500 years ago. Cats are predators, so they have teeth and a digestive system specialized in digesting meat, as well as have strong sense of smell and hearing, and they are able to see in the dark. Cats are known to sleep 13-14 hours a day, and some cats may sleep up to 20 hours; This is to preserve her energy, and she prefers to sleep in sunny areas during the day because she enjoys the heat and exposure to the sun’s rays, and unlike humans, she is not bothered by high temperatures until her body temperature reaches approximately 52 degrees Celsius.

Cats are famous for their love to play, especially the small ones, and they love to climb and sit in high places, and even when they fall from a height, they are able to adjust their position so that they touch the ground with their four limbs, and most cats hate to be submerged in water except for the Turkish Van breed, which is characterized by its love The extreme water, and therefore called the cat swim. Female cats give birth to between 3-5 kittens in one abdomen, and when kittens are born, they are small and blind.

The most famous cat breeds

There are many cat breeds, but the most famous are the following:

The Siamese cat (English: Siamese): Siamese cats are characterized by signs or areas of a color other than the color of the body on the face, ears, feet, and tail, although there may be some Siamese cats that do not have these marks, and many Siamese cats have a tail that ends with a knot. Some Siamese cats have an apple-like head and a chubby body, and some have a larger head and slender body.
Persian Cat (English: Persian Cat): A cat with a nice face and a short snout, also called the Iranian cat, or the Shirazi cat in relation to the city of Shiraz in Iran, and it is distinguished by its long and beautiful fur that does not have a specific color, but you can find Persian cats in almost all colors .
The Maine Coon cat: is one of the cats that is very popular, and it is large in size and has thick fur, often brown in color, but it can be found in any other color. Maine Queen cats have an extra toe that increases foot size; It’s an adaptation that helps her hunt when it snows.
The Ragdoll Cat (English: Ragdoll Cat): one of the obedient cats that loves to relax, and its personality is similar to that of dogs, as it tends to chase its owners around the house, and it is similar to the Siamese cats in terms of long fur and blue eyes.
Bengal cat (English: Bengal): These cats got their name from the Bengal tiger, as they are the product of a cross between a domestic cat and an Asian tiger. Therefore, they are distinguished by their spotted fur and wild appearance, even though they are domestic cats.
Abyssinian cat (English: Abyssinian): One of the cats that is distinguished by its unique fur, where one hair of fur is colored in a light color and another in dark, so the cats often appear with red and orange fur, which is the most common color in Abyssinian cats, but there are also Ethiopian cats with the color of cinnamon, or Blue, or light yellowish color.
Birman cat (English: Birman): A cat similar to the Siamese cat, as it is blue-eyed, except that its fur is of medium length, and it is also similar to a Ragdoll cat. It is not strange in that, because the Ragdoll cat is one of the hybrid breeds of the Birman cat, but it may differ from it with some signs as That his personality is different from the Ragdoll cat.
The Oriental Shorthair cat: A cat similar to the Siamese cat, except that it differs from it by the color of its eyes, which are often green, as well as the various colors and patterns of its fur, and although this cat is often short-haired – which makes it vulnerable to skin cancer, And cold diseases – however, there are some cats that belong to this breed that have hair of different lengths.
The Pharaonic cat (English: Sphynx): a breed of active and social cats, as it is unique because there is no fur covering its skin.
Devon Rex cat: energetic cats that love to play, and they are slender, characterized by their short, wavy hair and soft touch, and large eyes.
The Himalayan cat (English: Himalayan cat): similar to the Siamese cat, as it is the result of crossbreeding a Persian cat and a Siamese cat.
American Shorthair cat: A round-faced cat with short ears, and as its name indicates, it is short-haired, and it is distinguished by intelligence.
Exotic cat: a hybrid breed similar to the Persian cat, except that it has shorter fur, is characterized by calm and kindness, and does not need much care of the fur like the Persian cat.
British Shorthair Cat: The oldest British cat breeds, often appearing with blue fur, but this does not prevent the presence of cats in other colors belonging to this breed, which are moderately active cats.
Scottish Fold Cat (English: Scottish Fold Cat): The kittens of these cats are born with straight ears, but they fold when they reach the third or fourth month of life.
Domestic cat: the oldest breeds of cats, and there are cats of all colors and patterns, and they are very diverse, including large or small cats, full or thin, depending on their lineage, and their feeding

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