Cats are carnivorous animals from the feline family, whose relatives are tigers, cheetahs, and lions. Domestic cats, which are also called domestic, domestic and domestic cats, are very similar to their counterparts that live in the wild, as they are agile creatures with a strong body and sharp claws and teeth intended for hunting small animals, such as mice, rats, birds and lizards, and cats have a great skill in hiding. And hunting.

Although all domesticated cats in all parts of the world belong to one species (in Latin: Felis catus), there is a significant variation between them in size, appearance and fur color, and to distinguish cats on this basis, they are classified into a large number of subspecies that carry each one of them Distinguished small qualities, and crossbreeders of cats deliberately marry different strains from each other to obtain new strains that have special characteristics, and among the most famous cat breeds in the world is the knight cat, Abyssinian, Burmese, Siamese, and King, which are numerous and varied. The cat is a being of great importance in human culture. These animals appear in the ancient myths and artistic drawings of the ancient Greeks, Romans, Egyptians and other peoples.

Physical description of the cat

The height of the adult cat at the shoulder ranges from twenty to twenty-five centimeters, and its weight may reach between two and a half to seven kilograms, and it may reach nine kilograms or more sometimes. The skeleton of the cat consists of two hundred and fifty bones, and it works to protect the internal functional organs in the animal’s body, and the muscles connected to the skeleton are long, thin and flexible, and they help the cat to move gracefully and quickly, as its running speed reaches fifty kilometers per hour. These animals have strong joints at the hip that allow them to jump great distances, and they have claws that are able to fold under the skin when not needed (thanks to flexible tendons that pull them under the skin of the foot or allow it to be alone), and cats can use their claws to defend themselves, or Clinging to their prey, or climbing up trees, in addition to that, the soles of these animals’ feet are covered with thick leather cushions that have a spongy consistency, and thanks to this feature, cats can descend from high altitudes and absorb the shock with their legs alone, and therefore – if they fall from a height – they turn themselves in the air Instinctively, to land on its legs. The cat has a long tail that helps it balance during movement and climbing.

How to train cats

The cat owner can play with him in different ways, and the cats love to be stroked, especially touching their jaws, patting the hand on the top of their head, massaging the back of their neck and their front and back legs. The cat must be vaccinated against common and infectious diseases, such as secretions, fever, and enteritis, and that is by injecting them with anti-infectious and common diseases.

Basic training

One of the most important points in training cats is to train them to know their name, especially when they eat, and the reason for that is that the cat is a good listener and is a direct listener of everything around him. And food is very essential in training; It is the reward that makes the cat realize that he has done a good job, and that he must do more of it in order to get more rewards. When starting to train the cat, it is advisable to prepare a device that emits a constant type of sound, such as a whistle or crackling (a tool that has a bell that rings with each pressure), as such sounds help to attract the cat’s attention and knowledge that he is undergoing training, and the usual method is to use the whistle or bell and then Offering food to the cat, thus he can relate the sounds that these tools make to the training session. Without it, he will not understand why the food reward is offered to him and he will consider it as a mere gift.

Call the cat

For example, to train the cat to come to its owner when desired, it is necessary to start from the mealtime. Before opening the cat’s food box or pouring its contents into the dish, the trainer must ring once with his sonic instrument, and with a little repetition the cat will understand that this sound means something good has happened (which is that he gets the food), and so he will hear the sound as soon as he comes to his owner If released outside of normal eating times. You can start calling the cat from short distances, and reward him – when he comes – with some food, and then the cat will get used to it.

Use of the bathroom

Cats can also be trained to use the bathroom, but this may be a little difficult. In normal situations, the cat should have a litter container in which he knows that he must leave his litter in it, and the trick in the matter is to change the location of the container constantly; First, it must be moved to the bathroom, then it must be gradually brought closer to the bathroom chair until the cat gets used to approaching it, and finally it must be placed on top of the chair so that he has to climb over it whenever he wants to relieve himself, and at the end the bowl can be removed completely, and when the cat does not find it, he will start using the bathroom chair in a normal way.

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