The dog is exposed to several diseases among which we count conjunctivitis. This pathology is very common in dogs and puppies. It comes in many forms and is usually a source of pain for your pet. It is therefore important to identify it quickly in order to treat your companion as soon as possible.
What are the different types of conjunctivitis in dogs? What are its symptoms? How to treat conjunctivitis in dogs? How to prevent it? Discover in this article all the information on this pathology in order to preserve the health of your four-legged friend.
The different types of conjunctivitis in dogs
Conjunctivitis is a very recurrent eye disease in canines. This pathology affects the eyes of the animal, and it can be dangerous when it is not taken care of very quickly. There are several types of conjunctivitis, depending on their causes.
Infectious conjunctivitis is usually due to a bacterial, viral or fungal infection. This form of conjunctivitis is the most serious, because it can hide a general infection of the doggie. It manifests itself by a redness of the eyelids and irregular discharge of pus.
Allergic conjunctivitis is the most common form in dogs. It is frequently seasonal and often affects the dog’s eyes. It may be due to an allergy to pollen or dust mites.
It is also due to the presence of dust in the eyes of the dog. A few prescriptions from the veterinarian can help to cure this conjunctivitis very quickly. It can still disappear when your dog is no longer in contact with the allergen.
Conjunctivitis due to a foreign body
When there is a foreign body in your dog’s eye, it can lead to conjunctivitis. Indeed, when a grain of sand enters your companion’s eyes during a game, or when you introduce a twig into his eye by inattention, this can cause eye irritation. In this case, conjunctivitis is not very serious. It will stop as soon as the foreign body is no longer present in the dog’s eye.
Conjunctivitis due to tear dehydration
Tear dryness is one of the main causes of conjunctivitis in dogs. If your pet often suffers from dry eyes, it can lead to conjunctivitis. However, dry tears should not be taken lightly. It can be a harbinger of other more serious pathologies.
Symptoms to recognize conjunctivitis in dogs
Recognizing conjunctivitis in dogs is not a difficult exercise. Apart from the redness of the eyelids, which is the main symptom of this pathology, there may be eye discharge with a bloody, watery, viscous or purulent appearance.
In addition, you will notice that your pet feels pain in the affected eye. Recall that conjunctivitis can affect only one eye, as well as both eyes. The dog will therefore tend to scratching the affected eye with its paws. He may also blink regularly or keep his eye closed.
The conjunctiva is also manifested by a dilation of the blood vessels around the eye. The eyelid swells and changes appearance.
If your four-legged friend suffers from conjunctivitis, the first thing to do is to take him to a veterinarian. The latter will be able to make his diagnosis in order to prescribe an adequate treatment for your animal. We urge you to avoid self-medication.
The veterinarian’s diagnosis
To make his diagnosis, the veterinarian will carry out several examinations and clinical analyzes to check if your animal has been infected with bacteria, or if he is simply having an allergic reaction.
He will take care of inspecting the infected eye. He may also ask you certain questions in order to find out if your companion has any allergies or the circumstances in which the dog was infected. With the aid of Schirmer’s test, the veterinarian will measure the amount of tear secretion in order to verify that there is no presence of a foreign body in the dog’s eye. After all these examinations, the veterinarian can finally diagnose conjunctivitis.
Treatment of conjunctivitis
As we said a little above, it is up to the veterinarian to prescribe a treatment to cure the pathology from which your pet suffers. The treatment will of course depend on the cause of the conjunctivitis, and the degree of severity.
For example, when it comes to simple eye irritation from an allergic reaction, the vet might prescribe an eye cleanser for your pet. He can also prescribe anti-inflammatory ointment or drops. When your dog’s condition is due to an infection, the specialist will prescribe an appropriate antibiotic treatment.
Although it is impossible to control all the factors that can lead to conjunctiva, it is still possible to prevent it. To reduce the risk of contracting this pathology, you must first adopt a healthy lifestyle. Make sure your pet is clean and lives in a healthy environment.
Also, you must provide him with a good diet so that he is always healthy. In addition, it is recommended to regularly clean the dog’s eyes with sterile gauze and physiological saline. Better, after each walk take the time to clean his eyes. You need to be able to identify the substances your pet is allergic to and ensure that he does not come into contact with those substances.
Regularly trim the hair around your companion’s eyes and take care to do routine checks at the vet.
Finally, we remind you that you should not administer any drops or ointments to your dog without the advice of a veterinarian. He is the only person authorized to diagnose pathologies in your animal, and to provide him with adequate treatment.